|कोविड-19 महामारी की दूसरी लहर में मृतकों की संख्या और संक्रमण की दर खतरनाक रूप सेउच्च होनेके कारण देश के कई हि स्सों में तालेबंदी और अन्य प्रति बंध लगाए गए हैं। भले ही एक राष्ट्रव्यापी लॉकडाउन की घोषणा नहीं की गई है, फि र भी गैर-आवश्यक आर्थि क गति वि धि यों मेंऔर अधि क कटौती की माँग के साथ काम गंभीर रूप सेबाधि त हो गया है। परि णामी संकट का आघात एक बार फि र प्रति कूल रूप सेअनौपचारि क श्रमि कों पर पड़ा है, जि समेंप्रवासी श्रमि क और फुटपाथ वि क्रेता शामि ल हैं। पि छले साल की घटनाओं से सहमे हुए श्रमि कों नेअपनेमूल गृहनगरों और गांवों की सुरक्षा की तरफ वापसी शुरू कर दी है। घर वापसी का यह सफ़र घातक परि णामों के बि ना नहींहुआ है। पि छलेसाल की त्रासदि यों की एक गंभीर पुनरावृत्ति में, तीन प्रवासी श्रमि क मारे गए थे जब दि ल्ली से टीकमगढ़ जा रही एक अत्यंत भीड़भाड़ वाली बस पलट गई थी। तथापि , कई लोग कि सी भी सामाजि क सुरक्षा तंत्र तक कोई पहुँच न होने के कारण फंसे रहते हैं।||Download|
|As more lockdowns get declared, livelihood distress is beginning to rise and economic activity is coming to a standstill. Once again, the heaviest burden of distress is falling on informal workers, especially migrant workers. The Stranded Workers Action Network (SWAN) has been in touch with the families/groups of about 150 migrant workers over the last 2 weeks. -81% of the workers who are either still stranded or are in their homes stated that work had stopped due to locally declared lockdowns/ restrictions. On average, workers have said that work had stopped for 19 days. - While 68% of workers said that they had received their full or partial wages for the previous month, only 18% had received any money from their employer since the work had stopped. -While some workers have returned to their native villages, others were unsure about whether they should go back or wait for work to resume. - 76% of the workers needed ration and/or cash support.||Download|
The document provides an overall sense of the livelihood situation of various vulnerable groups in Bengaluru affected due to COVID-19. This is based on data and insights collected through personal interviews, direct surveys and discussions with the relevant public, members of the civil society organisations involved on the ground as well as inputs from subject matter experts. The section on the response from migrant workers (Page 22) collected responses from workers who interacted directly with SWAN.
|Like many others, Sima and Mohd. Muslim, SWAN fellows and migrant workers from Jharkhand and Bihar who were stranded during the lockdown, are still struggling to find work and they respond to this “celebration” of workers on Republic Day. Here are a few excerpts from a conversation we had with SWAN fellows, selected from amongst the 6,000 workers who reached out for financial assistance during the lockdown.||Download|
|We present some key insights from 8 different compilations and studies (including SWAN) that have been put out by reputed organisations, economists, universities, research institutions and journalists and are all available in the public domain. Each of these presents data on deaths, extent of loss of livelihoods and income, and food insecurity created due to the lockdown.||Download|